Daily Archives: April 30, 2012

Don’t Log Exception Stacks Unless You Can Afford It

A short, simple tip for this week: Don’t log exception stacks in managed applications unless you understand the performance of your system.

If you have a standard desktop client, or some other app where you can tolerate many-millisecond disruptions or a spike in CPU usage, then you don’t have to care about this.

If you are building a high-performance managed system, then you definitely do have to care about this.

The system I work on needs to handle exceptions coming from 3rd-party components. We can’t let the exceptions kills the process, and we can’t swallow them, ignoring the component failure, so we need to log them. The question is—what information do we log?

For managed exceptions, there are three properties that are most generally useful: type of the exception, Message, and StackTrace.

Getting the type and the Message are nearly free, but accessing StackTrace or calling ToString() on the exception object will cause a bunch of reflection to happen to build up a user-friendly stack trace string. If you can do without, go for it. It may be possible to augment the Message property of an exception to give some clues to the problem. Usually, however, this will not be possible.

Since getting the stack trace for an exception is relatively expensive, especially for a program that shouldn’t miss a beat and needs to continue running, many of the managed applications that I work on have a configuration setting to be able to turn off stack trace logging for exceptions. This enables us to either run it turned on until we see a performance problem, or keep it off until there is a reproable problem, when we can turn it on selectively.

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